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    District Srinagar

    Srinagar  is the summer capital of the Indian state

    of Jammu and Kashmir.





About District Srinagar

Srinagar  is the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in the centre of the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River and is surrounded by five districts. In the north it is flanked by Kargil and Ganderbal in the South by Pulwama,in the north-west by Budgam. The capital city of Srinagar,is located 1585 meters above sea level. The city is famous for its gardens, lakes and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dried fruits.
Origin of Names : 
Folk etymology draws the city name from two Sanskrit words: sri ("glory", "prosperity", also: a name for the goddess Lakshmi) and nagar, "city", which would make "City of Lakshmi" (or, "City of Prosperity"). However, the earliest records mention the name as siri-nagar which in turn is a local transformation of the original Sanskrit name surya-nagar, meaning "City of Sun" (or, of sun god). This also is reflected in the local pronunciation srinagar (and not srinagar).
According to the 2011 census Srinagar district has a population of 1,269,751 roughly equal to the nation of Estonia or the US state of New Hampshire. This gives it a ranking of 381st in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 703 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,820/sq mi) Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.56%. Srinagar has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.21%.